The Federation of Malaysia comprises of Peninsular Malaysia, and the states of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo.
Situated between 2º and 7º to the North of the Equator line, Peninsular Malaysia is separated from Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. In the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia lies Thailand, and in the south, neighbouring Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak are bounded by Indonesia while Sarawak also shares borders with Brunei.
329,758 square km
Malaysia's capital city is Kuala Lumpur. The new administrative center is in Putrajaya, which is approximately a 30-minutes drive from the capital.
(Bahasa Melayu) Malay is the national language in use, but English is widely spoken. The ethnic groups also converse in the various languages and dialects.
Although the official religion of Malaysia is Islam, each person is free to practice his or her own faith.
The country experiences tropical weather year-round. Temperatures are from 21ºC (70ºF) to 32ºC (90ºF). Higher elevations are much colder with temperatures between 15°C (59°F) to 25°C (77°F). Annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm to 2,500mm.
The Malaysian unit of currency is the Ringgit Malaysia (RM), which is divided into 100 sen. Currency comes in notes of RM1, RM5, RM10, RM50 and RM100. Coins are issued in 1 sen, 5 sen, 10 sen, 20 sen and 50 sen. The exchange rate is valued at USD1 = RM3.34. Foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks and money changers.
Voltage is 220 - 240 Volt AC at 50 cycles per second. Standard 3- pin square plugs and socket
Malaysia is eight hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Meridian Time), 16 hours ahead of US Pacific Standard Time and 13 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time is not applicable to the country.