Asia Pacific is rich in the culture that is related to the agricultural activities in the region.  Not only food culture, we have variety of songs, dances and festivals celebrating the agricultural cycle, especially in rural areas.    However, sometimes natural disasters and even modernization using new technologies destroy local cultures.  Hence, ICT is a promised tool to recode the culture and transfer them for future retrieval.  This session also covers recovery/reconstruction of local culture. Join this session, if you are interesting in sharing the customs, food, dances, songs and festivals from each country&rsquos agricultural sector.
|Agenda||Session 1 - Food Culture|
Time: 13:30 - 15:00
Session Chair: Takuji Kiura
- eCulture: A Food Culture Report from the countryside in Japan
Tosh Yamamoto, Kansai University
[soetosh AT gmail.com]
This eCulture report is about the farmers in the countryside in Japan growing and marketing organic agricultural products. This reports consists of video interviews to organic farmers as well as the learning strategies of ICT-enhanced collaborative learning activities between the students in teams and the farming community. In such environment, each team made use of the virtual learning environment to plan their activities, to discuss their product design, to collaboratively work on their presentation, and to organize their project report.
Students including foreign students on the Kansai University campus have been involved with community projects to promote the safety of organic vegetables free of any residual pesticides. This report is about the activity in the Tanba area, 100 kilometer northwest of Osaka, Japan, where farmers has been growing agricultural products in the organic way for the last forty years. A group of farmers initiated “no pesticides movement” forty years ago and have been contributing to the society since. The video interview with Mr. Araki, a local leader, tells the historical story of such movement.
While interacting and working together with the farmers in the field, our students have built trust with them, identified problems, and shared their ideas in order to keep this project going on to the future.
I would like to report the current situation of the projects of organic farmers based on the interviews to local leaders.
Tosh Yamamoto is a professor at the Center for Teaching and Learning at the Kansai University
in Osaka, Japan. He is currently an Associate Director for the Division of Promotion of Educational Development.
He is an educational specialist for media informatics ranging from the design for the educational paradigm at the institutional level, on the one hand, and the course design to ePortfolio design enhanced with active learning activities, on the other.
- Naturally Malaysian: From the Land to the Table
Faridah Noor Mohd Noor, University of Malaya
[faridahn AT um.edu.my]
Malaysian cuisine is mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and indigenous ways of cooking food. Each ethnic group makes use of aromatic herbs to heighten the flavour of their dishes and local sweets. Some use different types of leaves to wrap and serve their food. However, each cuisine has unique ways of wrapping their food using commonly found leaves and items. Some parts of the country grow these leaves for commercial purposes while in villages they are found quite abundant for the daily use. The banana leaves, bamboo leaves and sticks, coconut husks, pandanus leaves and lotus leaves are commonly used by the locals. This presentation will be showcasing the different ways these are used to wrap food as well as the local names of these leaves and the food they wrap.
Faridah Noor Mohd Noor is an Assoc. Professor and Director of Centre for Civilisational Dialogue, University of Malaya. She is the chair of the eCulture Working Group of Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN). She holds other positions including as Chairof Digital Cultural Heritage & Humanities WG (MYREN), Deputy Chair of the Malaysian Oral History Association and President of the University Women’s Association (UWA). Her research areas are in sociolinguistics, indigenous studies, ethnolinguistics and cultural heritage.
- [Invited] Foodways in Asia: Soy Sauce in the East Asia and Fish Sauce in the Southeast Asia (Remote) - 160802_Foodways_in_Asia.pdf
Tetsuya Araki, University of Tokyo
[aaraki AT mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp]
Foodways are the patterns that establish what we eat, as well as how and why and under what circumstances we eat. In particular, fermented food is the very cultural concept because there are no scientific difference between fermented and rotten foods. According to Ishige and Ruddle (1990), there are 8 main foodways around the world in terms of condiment, and foodways in the East and Southeast Asian countries are categorized into the cultural zone of Umami taste. From the viewpoint of fermented seasoning, the East Asian countries are dominated by soy sauce, while the Southeast Asian countries by fish sauce.
Tetsuya Araki is an Associate professor, Ph.D. in the University of Tokyo. Originally the specialty is in the field of food science and engineering as well as regional studies in Indonesia. Recently research concerns are shifted to food sociology, including foodways in Asia.
Session 2 - Performances
Time: 15:30 - 17:00
Session Chair: Faridah Noor Mohd Noor
- "Kara Jorgo" dance (Remote)
Arianna Akmatova, CAREN
[aselakmatova AT gmail.com]
The Kyrgyz people are one of the nomadic Turkic peoples - that have roamed Central Asia over the centuries. For many years, the backbone of the economy has been animal husbandry and agriculture. Horses were the main currency to buy goods. Horses were famous, prized property because they were strong and sturdy, bred to travel great distances, and later because of the lack of technics, horses have become indispensable in agriculture.
Kara- Jorgo is the dance of the nomads. It received the name "black pacer" because the performer depicts a clever and dexterous rider - horseman who had mastered the art of riding.
Today, by using modern ICT and infrastructure of regional "Central Asian Research and Education Network" (CAREN) we are able to demonstrate Kara-Jorgo dance for the exchange of cultural values of the people of Kyrgyzstan and Malaysia.
Arianna Akmatova is the Assistant of Regional Coordinator of the EC "Central Asian Research and Education Network" (CAREN) project.
- e-Culture Working Group Meeting