Asia Pacific Advanced Network Meeting

Grand Millennium Hotel Auckland 5th - 9th August 2018

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Session Details

Climate Change and Adaptation in Agriculture

ObjectivesExchange of information and knowledge on climate change and its impact, and present example of science and technology adaptation to changes of climate in agriculture. For example, a technology that is implemented to prevent flood and drought risk in the agricultural area, or monitoring technology to tackle climate change and create disaster preparedness.
Target AudienceMembers of Agriculture Working Group, anyone, interested in creating and applying S&T for climate change adaptation in agriculture
Session Co-ordinator(s)Jittiporn Chantarojsiri, Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII)
Expected No. of Participants20
Seating ArrangementClassroom
Date:Wednesday 2018-08-08
Time:11:00 - 12:30
Location:Tasman 1
Session Chair(s):Royboon Rassameethes, Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII), Thailand
No. of Participants:11, out of which 0 have provided feeedback
AgendaThis session is organized as a part of Agriculture Working Group
1.  Climate Change and Adaptation in Agriculture   Slides (PDF)
Royboon Rassameethes, Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII), Thailand
King Rama IX of Thailand's concept of "New Theory", the agricultural method that combined with agro informatics has leaded Thai farmers to be better livelihood and community economy.

The New Theory is the system of integrated and sustainable agriculture, embracing His Majesty on water resource development and conservation, soil rehabilitation and conservation, sustainable agriculture and self-reliant community development. The aim is to optimize farmland. Efficient water management was also developed to ensure year-around farming.

HAII has promoted the agro informatics combined with the New Theory. The farmers calculate the water balanced, plan the agro calendar and plant allocation of their farmland.

Success case of Ban Limthong, Burirum province is shown. Ban Limthong was flood and drought area for over 40 years. This is the non-irrigation area. They have been solved the water problem by apply agro informatics for water security. Then, the New Theory has applied to food security community economy and better livelihood.

2.  DOST- ASTI Initiatives on the Development of Monitoring Stations and Application of Satellite Technology in Philippine Agriculture   Slides (PDF)
Alvin Retamare, Advanced Science and Technology institute, Philippines
The Department of Science and Technology - Advanced Science and Technology Institute (DOST-ASTI) has partnered with relevant agencies to deliver various technologies and applications that aim to improve agriculture. As an example, the agency collaborated with the Department of Agriculture - Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) for the project “Establishment of a Network of Agrometeorological Stations in Highly Vulnerable Agricultural Areas: A Tool for Climate Change Adaptation and in the Development of Local Early Warning System”. As a technology provider, DOST-ASTI developed and installed 100 Agrometeorological (Agromets) stations and upgraded 53 existing automated weather stations (AWS) in strategic locations nationwide. Moreover, the country has ventured into space technologies to deliver value to various sectors including agriculture. It is collaborating with several agencies for crop monitoring, yield estimation, and agricultural damage assessment using various satellite assets from the Philippine Earth Data Resource and Observation (PEDRO) center. These technologies generate big data therefore effective support structure must be in place. To this end, DOST-ASTI also operates a high-bandwidth research and education network called the PREGINET, the country’s one and only NREN, to support the network needs of these endeavors. Likewise, the agency operates the Computing and Archiving Research Environment (COARE) to provide the necessary computing power. Through these projects managed by DOST-ASTI, it is clear that the Philippines has invested in technological innovations to upgrade its agricultural sector through big data to improve productivity and to better adapt to climate change.
3.  Climate change impact and adaptation on rice in Japan   Slides (PDF)
Yasushi Ishigooka, NIAES, Japan
Rice is the most major cereal crop in Japan. Moving cultivation schedule is widely considered as one of the important adaptation measures to climate change in rice cultivation in 00Japan. To reveal the effectiveness of this adaptation measure on rice production and quality against projected future climate change, a process-based rice growth model was employed as the impact assessment model and implemented by using projected meteorological data from 1981 to 2100 derived from CMIP5 multi-GCMs. The results showed that selecting optimal transplanting date may be effective to avoid the risk of yield and quality degradation under the limited conditions.
4.  Big Data: Big Picture Accuracy in Agriculture Loss Modelling and Climate Change Adaptation   Slides (PDF)
Bapon Fakhruddin, Tonkin + Taylor, New Zealand
Jill Bolland, Aon Benfield , New Zealand
Despite the gravity of flood damage and the importance of the agricultural sector, the process of assessing damages is limited. This study covers a broad scope of topics in an effort to bring together several factors that intersect floods and agricultural risk management. The research included flood modelling due to future climate change, agricultural damage assessment for the present and future, and the quantification and effective communication of probabilistic information to decision makers and other end-users. Agricultural flood vulnerability is a function of the exposure of the agricultural system to a flood event and the adaptive capacity of the system. The goal of the field research was to identify relevant indicators derived from literature and responses from farmers based on field surveys.
5.  Climate change, food security, and adaptation needs in the Asia and Pacific region   Slides (PDF)
Hideki Kanamaru, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Japan
Climate change will pose considerable risks to agriculture and food security in Asia and the Pacific. However, beyond assessments of the impacts of historical trends in climate variables and projected climate change on the yield of key crops, understanding of climate change risks for agriculture and food security in the Asia-Pacific region is weak. Critical knowledge gaps that need to be addressed to craft effective responses at various scales to risks posed by climate change to agricultural systems in the region will be highlighted. Climate change adaptation is a long-term iterative process from the farm to national levels, and it requires a robust evidence base to design investments and interventions. Opportunities for further strengthening collaboration between the academia and the development community by linking latest scientific insights with policy processes and decision making of stakeholders will also be highlighted.