|Objectives||The eCulture WG of APAN undertake a role to make research and training more active in Asia-Pacific region through applying ICT to Humanities and Social Sciences, with the aim to provide fruitful outcomes to the societies at large. This includes expanding areas in cultural heritage, indigenous studies and education. The activities will include:
1. Sharing information about new technologies to visualize a cultural phenomenon spatially and/or chronologically, e.g. GIS applications
2. Sharing Experiences; providing case studies which use the above-mentioned technologies
3. Communication with other members about e-resources (systems) scattered among member countries, and about aggregation methods including interoperability and meta-data, etc
4. Encourage academics in Humanities and Social Sciences to make proposals for taking full advantage of ICT
5. Sharing of Information about the social changes in member countries along with the development of network infrastructure; e.g. Sub-Culture peculiar on the Net
6. Discussions on the impact of globalization and localization
7. Exploring the possibility of cultural database in Asia-Pacific region Milestones / Actions|
|1. ||Welcoming Remarks Slides (PDF)|
Faridah Noor Mohd Noor, University of Malaya
|2. ||The Representation of Disappearing Kampung in Penang, Malaysia Slides (PDF)|
Zainurul Aniza A. Rahman (PhD), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
In the progress of developing Malaysia, many villages, also known as kampong in Malay language, are at risk and have been demolished or dislocated. This is due to many reasons and the needs of the state and national interest in order to develop the country. Through the process of demolishing or relocating the kampong, beside many lost, not many images were documented and captured, leaving the kampong stories and livelihood behind. Currently this is the common scenario happening in Malaysia, thus the project Visual Collection of Kampung Artifacts (VCKA) have taken the initiative for two years since 2016, conducting research and recording images of kampong focusing on the artifacts, environments, and objects that are closely related to the livelihood of the residents. This paper discuss the case study of Penang Island, where due to the rapid urbanization of the popular areas, several villages such as Kampong Jawa, Kampong Siam, that not only has it been there for more than 30 years, but also have valuable cultural contributions to the state, now no longer exists in the map (Bernama: 2016). This project attempts to preserve the images of the kampong, through collection of visuals obtained during a visit to the kampong. In this presentation, I will share the images of the kampongs that this project has visited, that is now have been demolished for building the high-rise condominium. I will also discuss the methods that have been applied in the process of recording the images and the discourse that emerged from this process.
|3. ||Sociopragmatic Variation in Route Direction Giving Strategies of Malaysian Speakers of English Slides (PDF)|
Amal Mechraoui, University of Malaya
Faridah Noor Mohd Noor, University of Malaya
Route direction-giving is a common speech event that is vital for daily functioning but which has been given little emphasis in cross-cultural pragmatic research (Ewald, 2010; Lee, 2014). This study investigates the influence of the macro-social variable of â€œethnicityâ€, which is taken in this research to refer to the cultural practices and behavioral choices of a person rather than his skin or eye colour (Barron & Schneider, 2009) on c speech acts of multicultural Malaysian English speakers. Using Barron and Schneiderâ€™s (2005) Variational Pragmatic framework, the current research analyzes a corpus of 30 naturalized route direction-giving exchanges collected on-site a university campus in Malaysia. Analysis of data focused on examining the forms of route direction-giving strategies used by Malay, Chinese and Indian Malaysian direction givers. Images of the speakers will be part of illustration that match their speech acts and their route direction-giving gestures. Findings indicate that regardless of ethnicity, Malaysian direction givers showed a tendency to favour conventionally indirect strategies in issuing route directions. Nonetheless, a closer analysis indicated that slight differences in the level of indirectness and in the content of strategies existed between the three different ethnic groups of Malaysian speakers.
|4. ||The Use of Categorical Data Analysis to examine the Effects of Social Media Use and Comportment towards Social Media on the Academic Performance of Students University of Papua New Guinea Slides (PDF)|
With the rise in popularity of Social Media, it is rational to examine its effects, whether it exists or not, and whether positive or negative, on human behaviour and performance. Students are one of the largest groups of Social Media users and so it is logical that their use of and comportment towards Social Media be investigated for effects on their academic performance. Prior research has proved that the effects of Social Media use on academic performance, whether positive, negative or non-existent, are dependent on a number of factors including how it is used, time spent on the sites, the perception of Social Media to the user etc. This study attempts to use Categorical Data Analysis techniques to examine and determine the relationship between several factors of Social Media Use and the academic performance of a sample of first-year student from the University of Papua New Guinea. The main objective of this study is to determine the effects of Social Media Use and varying behaviours towards Social Media on academic performance using Categorical Data Analysis Methods. This presentation will present the findings and some factors that may have the potential to cause an effect on student academic performance.
|5. ||eCulture WG Meeting|