16th APAN Meetings /
Advanced Network Conference in Busan 

Internet History in Asia






Session Chair: Shegeki Goto (Waseda Univ., Japan)

Presentation Titles and Speakers:
1. Korea (download presentation)
Kilnam Chon (Kaist, Korea)
2. Japan (download presentation)
Kazunori Konishi (KDDI Lab, Japan)
3. Thailand (download presentation)
Kanchana Kanchanasut (AIT, Thailand)
4. Singapore (download presentation)
Lawrence Wong (NUS, Singapore)

This session invites notable speakers in Asia.They will talk about the development of the Internet in this region, which took different
approach than in the US.  Let us listen to our leaders giving their
talks about the history of the Internet from various perspectives.  It
is also meaningful to hear about the lessons learned.


Presentation Abstract:

1. Korea
Abstract: The Internet development and deployment in Asia including Korea, starting from 1980 will be reviewed focusing on several major milestones on research and education networks.  Current effort on archiving the Internet history with development of virtual museum would be introduced with proposal on collaboration in Asia and the world.

2, Japan
Abstract: Internet histories have been compiled by the Internet Society (ISOC): http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/. But most of the histories were written by US folks, and the Internet achievements in the United States are well described. The history focusing on the Internet activities in Japan will be presented, and the kickoff of editing Internet history in Asia will be discussed.

3. Thailand
Abstract: The Thai Internet also grew out from the UNIX based educational
community in the late 80's.  While the majority of the people were using
PC and DOS, a few UNIX machines in Thailand located in Songkhla,
Pathumthani and Bangkok were busy talking to one another with the
Australian ACSnet (UUCP-like).  In late 1987, as soon as AIT received
its first SUN workstation, purchased by a Japanese grant, it was
immediately set up to connect to UUNET and munnari.oz by UUCP.  .th TLD
was registered and AIT's IP addresses applied for in 1988.  Soon after
that, the Thai CS network was set up using ACSnet software donated by
the Australian government linking three active institutions: AIT, Prince
of Songkhla University and Chulalongkorn University.  All key players of
the Thai Internet had its first meeting at AIT in December 1991 to agree
to cooperate for the development of the Internet.  The first
international IP connection came alive in 1992 between Chulalongkorn
University and UUNET while Thai commercial Internet started its
operation in 1994.

4. Singapore
Abstract: Singapore first plugged into the global community through its BITNET connectivity initiated by the National University of Singapore (NUS) in 1987. The need for production internet facilities evolved through exploratory facilities at NUS with the establishment of TECHNET in 1990.Soon commercialization of production Internet services became a reality
in 1995. Furthermore, liberalization of the telecommunication industry brought new Internet Service Providers (ISPs) into the Singapore arena. At the same time there was a domestic drive to establish a national broadband infrastructure with the launch of Singapore-ONE in April 1997. Later that year, Singapore also became the second country in Asia after Japan to be linked to the global Internet2 infrastructure via the launch of the Singapore Advanced Research and Education Network (SingAREN). Arising from these developments new applications and services were made possible, particularly benefiting the research and education community. Recent initiatives such as Grid computing and cost sensitivities are
driving next generation R&E network evolution.